Camiguin Island Philippines
Physical Profile

Geographic Location

Situated just off the coast of northern Mindanao, Camiguin is a small, pear-shaped island province which is 10 kilometers north of Misamis Oriental and 54 kilometers southeast of Bohol. It is separated from mainland Mindanao in the south by Gingoog and Macajalar Bays, in the east by Butuan Bay, and in the north by the Bohol Sea.

Land Area

Camiguin has a total land area of 238 square kilometers; approximately 37 kilometers at its longest side and with a span of 14 kilometers. It is the second smallest province in the Philippines in terms of land area and is only around 2% of Region X.

photo by benny_yap

Composed of five (5) municipalities, Mambajao occupies the largest area totalling 89.00 sq. km which is 37.4% of the total land area of the island. It is followed by Catarman with 53.75 sq. km or 22.59% of the island’s total land area. Sagay and Mahinog run 3rd and 4th with 44.13 sq. km and 32.55 sq. km or 18.55% and 13.68%, respectively. Guinsiliban is the smallest municipality occupying 18.52 sq km which is only 7.78% of the total land area.

The whole island is composed of 58 barangays: 15 barangays in Mambajao, 13 barangays in Catarman, 11 barangays in Mahinog, 9 barangays in Sagay and 7 barangays in Guinsiliban.

photo by benny_yap


Camiguin is a northern extension of the Misamis Peninsula and is part of the Northern Mindanao earthquake epicentre. Land formation is directly due to past volcanic eruptions. In fact, the island has four young strato-volcanoes overlying older volcanic structures which are both active and dormant. .

To count, it has seven (7) volcanoes with the highest being Mt. Timpoong which rises 1,580 meters above sea level. Second is Mt. Mambajao (1,420 meters) which is located in central Camiguin, then Mt. Hibok-Hibok (1250 meters) and which last erupted in 1953 and is still active.

The other volcanoes are Mt. Vulcan (671 meters) which lies northwest of Hibok-Hibok, Mt. Guinsiliban (581meters) which is southernmost of Camiguin, and Mt. Uhay which lies north of Mt. Guinsiliban. There are also domes and cones at Campana Hill, Minokol Hill, Tres Marias Hill, Mt. Carling, Mt. Tibane, and Piyakong Hill. .

Because of the presence of several volcanoes, the island has several hot sulphur springs and geothermal vents. The terrain inland is composed usually of steep slopes and several highland plateaus. Largely dominated by volcanic peaks, the flat lowland terrain surrounding these volcanoes is relatively small and is found along the coastline. .

photo by benny_yap

Strangely enough, the island also boasts of cold springs and waterfalls. The flat lowland terrain which is rich in volcanic deposits has proved to be very fertile and is considered to be the best for coconuts, bananas, coffee, and fruit trees. In fact, lanzones grown on the slopes of Mt.

Hibok-Hibok in Mambajao is believed to be the sweetest in the country. Other major crops planted are rice, corn, sweet potato and abaca. These vegetation and natural springs plus waterfalls make the island’s climate cool, mild, and invigorating. .

Camiguin coastline consists largely of coral reef formations, about 75%; the rest are rocky volcanic structures with sandy surfaces that alternate between black and white sand beaches. Bays surrounding the province are the coastal population’s source of livelihood although it is mostly at the marginal or subsistence level only. There are two small coral islets near the island: White Island and Mantigue Island. .

photo by benny_yap

Roads, Bridges & Airport

Due to Tourism pursuits, the roads of Camiguin have been developed. The circumferential road is 64.1 km long with 12.15 km concreted, 39.27 have bituminous surface, and the rest of the 12.65 km are still unpaved.

The provincial roads which serve as collector roads have a total length of 97.93 km. Some of these are farm-to-market roads while some are roads leading to the island’s tourist spots. Priority is being given by the provincial government of Camiguin to those roads leading to the tourist spots.

Out of twenty-one bridges on the circumferential road, twenty are now standardized concrete structures.

The Camiguin Airport is relatively small yet is continuously being developed to accommodate bigger airplanes. Recently, the bituminous surface of the runway, including the apron, has been concreted.