There is only one city and 47 towns; 31 are along the coast, including Tagbilaran City and 17 are located inland.
There are 1,113 barangays and 75 islands and islets. The largest island is Panglao which comprises the town of Dauis and Panglao and faces Tagbilaran City in the southwest. Lapinig, in the northeast, is the second biggest island which was formerly a progressive barrio of Ubay. Bohol's mountainous interior is home to rare and endangered flora and fauna. At certain points, hills drop steeply to the coast from a maximum elevation of 870 meters above sea level. The highest mountain peaks are the Almario and Bunacan in Tubigon, Mohangin and Lusday in Guindulman, Karahaboh, Kanhumagad and Kaloyhuan in Jagna and Kalkuboh and Kampuna in Catigbian.
The interior uplands are fit for agro-forestry and high value agricultural production while the central and northern lowlands have also fertile grounds and abundant water supply. Over a hundred caves have been identified, the biggest of which is found in the eastern part which makes Bohol ideal for spelunking adventures. Four large rivers drain the island; Inabanga and Ipil Rivers in the north and Loboc and Abatan River in the south.
The climate in Bohol is not uniform in all areas. Along the coast, it is very warm and dry yet towards the interior, it is cold and humid. There is neither pronounced rainy period nor dry season. Humidity is very high with an average annual temperature of 82°F. The infrequent typhoons occur only during the change in monsoons.
The west, south and east coasts are characterized by woodland and grass, and areas of these swamplands have been established into fish ponds. Bohol mangrove is sold as firewood in the locality as well as in the neighboring island of Cebu. It is also used as poles for the construction of houses and for fish pens.
Off the west, north and northeast coasts are coral reefs around the small islands. The Danajon Bank the Philippines’ only double barrier reef is located in these areas and is 1 of only 3 such sites in the Indo-Pacific. The reef is spread across almost 130 kilometers and consists of 3 large reefs. Sixteen municipalities and 1 city include the Danajon Bank within their area of jurisdiction. This encompasses 4 provinces and 2 regions. In Region 7, 10 municipalities belong to Bohol and 2 to Cebu. In Region 8, 4 municipalities belong to Leyte and 1 city to Southern Leyte. The shoreline of these municipalities and city covers 699 kilometers.
Numerous waterfalls and caves are scattered across the island, including the beautiful Mag-Aso falls in Antequera. Mag-Aso means smoke in the native tongue. The water is cool and often creates a mist in humid mornings which can hide the falls. The most frequently visited cave is the Hinagdanan cave and the biggest is the Sudlon cave located in Alicia.
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Each of the towns of Bohol has something to offer visitors; ranging from caves, hills, mountain ranges, fine white beaches, dive sites, virgin islands, butterfly sanctuaries, tarsier sanctuaries, mangroves, dolphin and whale habitats, and more. Activities may include trekking, scuba diving, mountain biking, caving, water tubing, horseback riding, rappelling, island hopping and many more.
Bohol is divided into three (3) congressional districts.
The 1st district comprises the towns of Alburquerque, Antequera, Baclayon, Balilihan, Calape, Catigbian, Corella, Cortes, Dauis, Loon, Maribojoc, Panglao, Sikatuna, Tagbilaran City and Tubigon.
The 2nd district comprises the towns of Bien Unido, Buenavista, Clarin, Dagohoy, Danao, Inabanga, Getafe, Pres. Carlos P. Garcia, Sagbayan, San Isidro, San Miguel, Talibon, Trinidad, and Ubay.
The 3rd district comprises the towns of Alicia, Anda, Batuan, Bilar, Candijay, Carmen, Dimiao, Duero, Garcia-Hernandez, Guindulman, Jagna, Lila, Loay, Loboc, Mabini, Pilar, Sevilla, and Sierra Bullones.
The province Bohol is also divided into two (2) dioceses: the Diocese of Tagbilaran and the Diocese of Talibon.
The Diocese of Tagbilaran comprises of Tagbilaran City, Baclayon, Alburquerque, Loay, Lila, Dimiao, Valencia, Garcia Hernandez, Cortes, Balilihan, Catigbian, Sagbayan, Maribojoc, Loon, Calape, Tubigon, Clarin, Loboc, Bilar, Batuan, Antequera, San Isidro, Corella, Sikatuna, Sevilla, Dauis, and Panglao.
The Diocese of Talibon comprises of Jagna, Duero, Guindulman, Anda, Candijay, Mabini, Alicia, Ubay, Talibon, Trinidad, San Miguel, Bien Unido, Pres. Garcia, Dagohoy, Danao, Pilar, Sierra Bullones, Carmen, Inabanga, Buenavista and Getafe.
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