History of the Town of Trinidad


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The town of Trinidad was once a part of the town of Talibon until it was established as a different municipality on September 1, 1947. The town got its name from the derivation of the word “trinity” from Talibon’s patron saint, Blessed Trinity.

It was during the pre-Spanish period that a settlement was established by a group of migrants in a place along the river. After the buri fabric, considered the main product of the area, the place was called Cabizon. Due to a heavy infestation of mosquitos, nets derived from this fabric became an important household fixture.

The name of the place was then changed to “IPIL” when Spanish friars established themselves in the area. The name Ipil was obtained from the ipil-ipil trees that abound along the riverbanks.

Cattle ranches before were many especially in the town of Ubay, interior parts of the town of Talibon, and also in Ipil, thus, making Ipil a convenient stopover for the trading of cattle. It was then made into a sub-commercial center.

The place was flourishing until around the year 1900 when the colonial period of the Americans started. Ipil was then disintegrated. It was subdivided between the Municipalities of Talibon and Ubay. During that time, it was Lucas Hinlayagan who served as the town’s Chief Executive. He ceded all barangays west of Ipil River to the municipality of Talibon while those on the eastern part to Ubay.

On August 14, 1947, the desire of the Ipilanons to recover its independence was realized when the Municipal Charter (Executive Order No. 80) was signed the late Pres. Manuel A. Roxas. This order was to establish the place once known as Ipil, together with the surrounding barangays in order to comprise the Municipality of Trinidad.

The Ipilanons desire was fully realized on September 1, 1947 when the Municipality of Trinidad was totally established.

They said the the name was taken after the name of the wife of the late Pres. Manuel A. Roxas. But history claims that it was taken from the derivation of the word trinity, the town’s patron saint of Talibon, from where Trinidad once became a part of it.

Presently, the town is considered a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol. Basing on the 2007 census, the town has a population at about 27, 580 people.

Local Heritage

The town of Trinidad commemorates its fiesta in honor of their patron saint every 15th day of May. Most of the people of Trinidad are Roman Catholics, thus making the commemoration a joyous occasion.

The fiesta doesn’t only serve as a commemoration of their patron saint but it is also a time when families and friends have their happy reunions. They lavish themselves in entertainment and share sumptuous food preparations. This preparation serves as offering of thanksgiving for good harvest, fortune, and other things that the people are thankful of.

Aside from fiestas, religious activities are also an important part of the lives of the people. These may be social or cultural in nature, but it sure strengthens relationships among townsfolk.

These may include the offering of cups of steaming hot coffee and bread for the churchgoers during Misa de Gallo or the dawn mass for nine days before Christmas. People gather to weddings and parties. Foods prepared during parties are shared happily. People also gather together during vigil and wakes for friends and neighbors who have died. Neighbors also take turns in helping and being helped.

There are also cultural presentations that are made periodically, especially during the town’s anniversary celebration in the month of September. These presentations depict Filipino life and may be expressed in songs, dances, poetry and plays.

Other Related Articles:

The Town of Trinidad

Attractions of Trinidad

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